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组图:加泰百万民众举行大游行 支持统一

10月29日周日,巴塞罗那民众举行声势浩大的游行示威,支持国家统一。(Jack Taylor/Getty Images)

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【大纪元2017年10月30日讯】加泰隆尼亚首府巴塞罗那民众周日(10月29日)举行声势浩大的游行示威,支持国家统一,得到西班牙所有主要政党的支持。此前,加泰议会周五通过决议宣布独立,西班牙首相拉霍伊随即解散加泰议会。至此,加泰政府及议会将如何运作,西班牙政府又如何“直接控制”加泰成为关注焦点。

综合媒体报导,周日(29日),加泰隆尼亚首府巴塞罗那支持统一的民众,发起大规模游行示威,支持“国家完整、民族团结”。组织者表示,有大约110万人参与游行,而警方给出的数字是30万。

“今天加泰罗尼亚人的沉默大多数回到了街头。这再次显示,大多数加泰人对于加泰罗尼亚地区、西班牙和欧洲所感受的尊严和尊敬。”加泰主要反对党公民党领袖阿拉玛达斯(Ines Arramadas)参加游行时对媒体表示,大部分加泰罗尼亚人希望“重新寻回未来”。

西班牙中央政府成员和主要统派政党都加入游行,其口号是“我们都是加泰罗尼亚。为共存达成共识!”示威者展示西班牙国旗,呼喊“让普伊格蒙特进监狱”以及“西班牙万岁”等口号。普伊格蒙特(Carles Puigdemont)是加泰自治政府主席,被视为独立公投的主要推动者。

发起游行的草根组织“加泰罗尼亚公民社会”(Societat Civil Catala)称,游行目的是维护西班牙统一,反对“民主史上空前的一次攻击”。“大部分加泰罗尼亚人不再保持沉默,也不愿意继续被消声”。

BARCELONA, SPAIN - OCTOBER 29: Protesters wave Spanish flags and carry banners during a pro-unity demonstration on October 29, 2017 in Barcelona, Spain. Thousands of pro-unity protesters gather in Barcelona, two days after the Catalan Parliament voted to split from Spain. The Spanish government has responded by imposing direct rule and dissolving the Catalan parliament. (Photo by Jack Taylor/Getty Images)
10月29日周日,巴塞罗那民众举行声势浩大的游行示威,支持国家统一。(Jack Taylor/Getty Images)
BARCELONA, SPAIN - OCTOBER 29: Protesters gather during a pro-unity demonstration on October 29, 2017 in Barcelona, Spain. Thousands of pro-unity protesters gather in Barcelona, two days after the Catalan Parliament voted to split from Spain. The Spanish government has responded by imposing direct rule and dissolving the Catalan parliament. (Photo by Jack Taylor/Getty Images)
10月29日周日,巴塞罗那民众举行声势浩大的游行示威,支持国家统一。(Jack Taylor/Getty Images)

“在我生活的地方,带着西班牙国旗根本没法出门了,”来自赫罗纳(Girona)的19岁大学生玛丽亚·费尔南德兹(Marina Fernandez)对法新社表示。“他们对于我祖辈们建设的国家所做的事情让我非常气愤。”

此前,周五(27日),加泰隆尼亚议会不顾西班牙中央政府的强硬反对,单方面宣布独立。不过,独立诉求遭遇中央政府的“坚决打击”。

西班牙首先暂停了加泰隆尼亚的自治权,之后解散了“一意孤行”寻求独立的加泰隆尼亚自治区议会,解除了自治区议会主席普伊格蒙特的职务,还派出中央官员接替掌管加泰隆尼亚地区的警察队伍。

不过,西班牙政府表示,仍然欢迎普伊格蒙特参加在今年12月举行的加泰隆尼亚议会选举。

BARCELONA, SPAIN - OCTOBER 29: Protesters wave Spanish flags during a pro-unity demonstration on October 29, 2017 in Barcelona, Spain. Thousands of pro-unity protesters gather in Barcelona, two days after the Catalan Parliament voted to split from Spain. The Spanish government has responded by imposing direct rule and dissolving the Catalan parliament. (Photo by Jack Taylor/Getty Images)
10月29日周日,巴塞罗那民众举行声势浩大的游行示威,支持国家统一。(Jack Taylor/Getty Images)
BARCELONA, SPAIN - OCTOBER 29: Protesters wave Spanish flags during a pro-unity demonstration on October 29, 2017 in Barcelona, Spain. Thousands of pro-unity protesters gather in Barcelona, two days after the Catalan Parliament voted to split from Spain. The Spanish government has responded by imposing direct rule and dissolving the Catalan parliament. (Photo by Jack Taylor/Getty Images)
10月29日周日,巴塞罗那民众举行声势浩大的游行示威,支持国家统一。(Jack Taylor/Getty Images)

周六,“独派大佬” 普伊格蒙特仍然发表公开讲话。他在公开的视频讲话中批评西班牙中央政府,“只有议会才能决定议会主席的去留”,“我们将继续一如既往坚持独立态度。只有如此我们才能成功。”

不过,他强调,“不会用暴力手段、不会用侮辱态度、而是用包容的方式,尊重人民和象征、尊重不同的意见,尊重不同意议会绝大多数决定的加泰隆尼亚人发起的抗议行动。”

BARCELONA, SPAIN - OCTOBER 29: Thousands of pro-unity protesters gather in Barcelona, two days after the Catalan parliament voted to split from Spainon October 29, 2017 in Barcelona, Spain. The Spanish government has responded by imposing direct rule and dissolving the Catalan parliament. (Photo by Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images)
10月29日周日,巴塞罗那民众举行声势浩大的游行示威,支持国家统一。(Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images)
People hold Spanish and EU flags during a pro-unity demonstration in Barcelona on October 29, 2017. Pro-unity protesters were to gather in Catalonia's capital Barcelona, two days after lawmakers voted to split the wealthy region from Spain, plunging the country into an unprecedented political crisis. / AFP PHOTO / LLUIS GENE (Photo credit should read LLUIS GENE/AFP/Getty Images)
10月29日周日,巴塞罗那民众举行声势浩大的游行示威,支持国家统一。(LLUIS GENE/AFP/Getty Images)

西班牙政府解散加泰议会后,计划在12月举行地区选举。周日公布的一份民调结果显示,统派政党民意支持度为43.4%,小幅领先独派政党(42.5%)。这份调查由反对独立的《世界报》委托进行,也是马德里中央政府宣布解散加泰议会,举行地方选举之后的第一份民调。

外界关注加泰地区的治安情况。拉霍伊开除了加泰地区警察总长,在启动宪法第155条后,西班牙政府有权控制加泰地区的警察部队。当地自设的加泰警察部队约有17,000人,支持加泰独立的领袖和警察总长均在马德里接受问话。

加泰隆尼亚是西班牙最富裕的地区之一,占西班牙经济份额五分之一。

BARCELONA, SPAIN - OCTOBER 29: Thousands of pro-unity protesters gather in Barcelona, two days after the Catalan parliament voted to split from Spain on October 29, 2017 in Barcelona, Spain.The Spanish government has responded by imposing direct rule and dissolving the Catalan parliament. (Photo by Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images)
10月29日周日,巴塞罗那民众举行声势浩大的游行示威,支持国家统一。(Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images)
BARCELONA, SPAIN - OCTOBER 29: Thousands of pro-unity protesters gather in Barcelona, two days after the Catalan parliament voted to split from Spain on October 29, 2017 in Barcelona, Spain.The Spanish government has responded by imposing direct rule and dissolving the Catalan parliament. (Photo by Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images)
10月29日周日,巴塞罗那民众举行声势浩大的游行示威,支持国家统一。(Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images)

目前,多个国家包括法国、德国、美国已表态支持西班牙统一。英国亦表明不会承认加泰单方面宣告独立。

联合国发言人呼吁各方“在西班牙宪法框架内,通过既定的政治和法律渠道寻求解决办法”。

欧盟理事会主席图斯克支持马德里解决危机的方式,他在推特上表示,他希望“西班牙政府相信争论的力量,而不是争论要不要使用武力。”

A protester holds a sign reading "Now yes, yes, we will vote for real" amid a wave of Spanish flags during a pro-unity demonstration in Barcelona on October 29, 2017. Pro-unity protesters were to gather in Catalonia's capital Barcelona, two days after lawmakers voted to split the wealthy region from Spain, plunging the country into an unprecedented political crisis. / AFP PHOTO / LLUIS GENE (Photo credit should read LLUIS GENE/AFP/Getty Images)
10月29日周日,巴塞罗那民众举行声势浩大的游行示威,支持国家统一。( LLUIS GENE/AFP/Getty Images)
Protesters wave Spanish flags and hold balloons bearing a heart-shaped collage of the Spanish, Catalan Senyera and EU flags during a pro-unity demonstration in Barcelona on October 29, 2017. Pro-unity protesters were to gather in Catalonia's capital Barcelona, two days after lawmakers voted to split the wealthy region from Spain, plunging the country into an unprecedented political crisis. / AFP PHOTO / LLUIS GENE (Photo credit should read LLUIS GENE/AFP/Getty Images)
10月29日周日,巴塞罗那民众举行声势浩大的游行示威,支持国家统一。(LLUIS GENE/AFP/Getty Images)

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2017-10-30 5:53 AM
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