小说:《傲慢与偏见》 第42章 (中英对照)

简.奥斯汀
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              第 42 章

倘若叫伊莉莎白根据她自己家庭的情形,来说一说什么叫做婚姻的幸福,什么叫做家庭的乐趣,那她一定说不出好话来。她父亲当年就因为贪恋青春美貌,为的是青春美貌往往会给人带来很大的情趣,因此娶了这样一个智力贫乏而又小心眼儿的女人,结婚不久,他对太太的深挚的情意便完结了。夫妇之间的互敬互爱和推心置腹,都永远消失得无影无踪;他对于家庭幸福的理想也完全给推翻了。换了别的人,凡是因为自己的冒失而招来了不幸,往往会用荒唐或是不正当的佚乐来安慰自己,可是班纳特先生却不喜欢这一套。他喜爱乡村景色,喜爱读书自娱,这就是他最大的乐趣。说到他的太太,除了她的无知和愚蠢倒可以供他开心作乐之外,他对她就再没有别的恩情了。一般男人照理总不希望在妻子身上找这一种乐趣,可是大智大慧的人既然没有本领去找别的玩艺儿,当然只好听天由命。

  不过伊莉莎白并不是看不出父亲的缺德。她老是一看到就觉得痛苦;可是她尊重他的才能,又感谢他对读书的宠爱,因此,本来忽略不了的地方,她也尽量把它忽略过去,而且纵使父亲大不该叫孩子们看不起妈妈,以致使他们老夫妇一天比一天不能够互敬互爱地相处,她也尽量不去想它。但是,说到不美满的婚姻给儿女们带来的不利,她从前决没有象现在体验得这样深刻,父亲的才能使用不得当因而造成种种害处,这一点她从来没有象现在这样看得透彻。要是父亲的才能运用得适当,即使不能够扩展母亲的见识,至少也可以保存女儿们的体面。

  韦翰走了固然使伊莉莎白感到快慰,然而,这个民兵团开拔以后,并没有什么别的地方叫她满意。外面的宴会不象以前那样多那样有趣了,在家里又是成天只听到母亲和妹妹口口声声埋怨生活沉闷,使家里笼罩上了一层阴影;至于吉蒂虽说那些闹得她心猿意马的人已经走了,她不久就会恢复常态;可是还有那另外一个妹妹,秉性本就不好,加上现在又处身在那兵营和浴场的双重危险的环境里,自然会更加大胆放荡,闯出更大的祸事来,因此从大体上说来,她发觉到(其实以前有一度她早就发觉到)她眼巴巴望着到来的一件事,等到真正到来了,总不象她预期的那么满意。因此她不得不把真正幸福的开端期诸来日,找些别的东西来寄托她的希望和心愿,在期待的心情中自我陶醉一番,暂时安慰自己一下,准备再遭受到失望。她现在心里最得意的一件事便是不久就可以到湖区去旅行,因为既然母亲和吉蒂心里不快活,吵得家里鸡犬不宁,当然一想起出门便使她获得了最大的安慰;如果吉英也能参加这次旅行,那就十全十美了。

  她心里想:”总还算幸运,我还可以存些指望。假使处处都安排得很完满,我反面要感到失望了。姐姐不能够一同去,我自会时时刻刻都感到遗憾,不过也反而可以使我存着一分希望,因此我所期待的愉快也可能会实现。十全十美的计划总不会成功;只有稍许带着几分苦恼,才可以大体上防止得了失望。”

  丽迪雅临走的时候,答应常常给母亲和吉蒂写信来,详详细细地告诉她们一路上的情形,可是她走了以后,家里老是等了好久才接到她一封信,而每封信又往往只是寥寥数行。她给她母亲写的那些信,无非说说她们刚刚从图书馆回来,有许多军官们陪着她们一起去,她们在那里看到许多漂亮的装饰品,使她眼红极了,或者说是她买了一件新的长衣服,一把阳伞,她本来可以把这些东西详详细细描写一番,可是弗斯脱太太在叫她了,她们马上就要到兵营去,等等。至于她写给吉蒂的信,虽然要长得多,可是也很空洞,因为有许多重要的话不便写出来。

  她走了两三个星期以后,浪搏恩又重新恢复了愉快欢乐的气象。一切都欣欣向荣。上城里过冬的那些人家都搬回来了,人们都穿起了夏天的新装,到处是夏天的约会。班纳特太太又象往常一样动不动就发牢骚。到了六月中旬吉蒂完全恢复了常态,到麦里屯去可以不掉眼泪了,伊莉莎白看到真高兴,她希望到了耶诞节,吉蒂会变得相当有理智,不至于每天三番五次地提到军官们,除非作战部不管人家死活,又来一次恶作剧,重新调一团人驻扎到麦里屯来。

  他们北上旅行的日期已经迫近,只剩下两个星期了,不料这时候嘉丁纳太太却寄来了一封信,使行期耽搁下来,旅行范围也得缩小。信上说,因为嘉丁纳先生有事,行期必须延迟两个星期,到七月里才能动身,又因为他只能出外旅行一个月便得回到伦敦,日期很短促,不能照原来的计划作长途旅行,饱餐山川景色,至少不能照原来所安排的那样悠闲自在地去游览,湖区必须放弃,旅程必须缩短,只能到德比郡为止。其实德比郡就足够供他们游览,足够他们消磨短短三星期的旅行日程,而且嘉丁纳太太非常向往那个地方。她以前曾在那儿住过儿年,现在能够旧地重游,盘桓数日,便不禁对于马特洛克、恰滋华斯、鸽谷、秀阜的风景名胜,心醉神往。

  这封信使伊莉莎白非常失望。她本来一心想去观赏湖区风光,到现在还觉得时间很充裕。不过,她既没有权利可以反对,她的心境又很洒脱,不多一会,便又觉得好受了。一提到德比郡,就免不了勾起多少联想。她看到这个地名,就不禁想到彭伯里和彭伯里的主人。她说:”我一定可以大摇大摆地走进他的故乡,趁他不知不觉的时候,攫取几块透明的晶石。”

  行期一延再延。舅父母还得过四个星期才能来。可是四个星期毕竟过去了,嘉丁纳夫妇终于带着他们的四个孩子来到浪搏恩。四个孩子中间有两个女孩子,一个六岁,一个八岁,另外两个男孩子年纪还小。孩子们都将留在这儿,由他们的表姐吉英照管,因为他们都喜欢吉英,加上吉英举止稳重,性情柔和,无论是教孩子们读书,跟他们游戏,以及照顾他们,都非常适合。

  嘉丁纳夫妇只在浪搏恩住了一夜,第二天一大早就带着伊莉莎白去探新求异,寻欢作乐。这几个旅伴确实非常适当,所谓适当,就是说大家身体健壮,性子柔和,路上遇到不方便的地方可以忍受得了,这实在叫人称心如意。他们一个个都生气勃勃,这自然可以促进愉快,而且他们感情丰富,人又聪明,万一在外地碰到了什么扫兴的事情,互相之间仍然可以过得很快活。

  本书不打算详细描写德比郡怕风光,至于他们的旅程所必须经过的一些名胜地区,例如牛津、布楞恩、瓦立克、凯尼尔沃思、伯明罕等,大家都知道得够多了,也不打算写。现在只讲一讲德比郡的一小部分。且说有个小镇名叫蓝白屯,嘉丁纳夫妇从前曾在那儿住过,她最近听说还有些熟人依旧住在那边,于是看完了乡间的一切名胜古迹之后,便绕道到那儿去看看。伊莉莎白听见舅母说,离开蓝白屯不到五英里路就是彭伯里,虽然不是路过必经之处,可是也不过弯了一两英里路。前一个晚上讨论旅程的时候,嘉丁纳太太说是想到那边再去看看。嘉丁纳先生表示愿意,于是他们便来征求伊莉莎白同意。

  舅母对她说:”亲爱的,那个地方你是久闻大名的,愿意去看看吗?你的许多朋友都跟那地方有关系。韦翰的整个少年时代都是在那儿度过的,你知道。”

  伊莉莎白给说得窘极了。她觉得不必到彭伯里去,便只得说不想去。她但说高楼大厦、锦绣帏,已经见识得够多了,实在无意再去流览

  嘉丁纳太太骂她蠢,她说:”要是光光只有一幢富丽堂皇的房子,我也不会把它摆在心上;可是那儿的放置庭园景色实在可爱,那儿的树木是全国最美丽的树林。”

  伊莉莎白不做声了,可是她心里依旧不敢赞同。她立刻想到,如果到那儿去欣赏风景,很可能碰到达西先生,那多糟糕!她想到这里就羞红了脸,自以为还不如把事情跟舅母开诚布公地说个明白,免得要担这么大的风险。可是这也不妥当;也最后决定先去暗地打听一下达西先生家里有没有人,如果有人,那么,她再来用最后一著还不为迟。

  晚上临睡的时候,她便向待女打听彭伯里地方好不好,主人姓甚名谁,又心惊胆战地问起主人家是否要回来消暑。她这最后一问,竟得到了她所求之不得的回答:他们不回来。她现在用不到再怕什么了,可是又逐渐产生了极大的好奇心,想亲眼去看看那幢房子;第二天早上旧话重提,舅母又来征求她的同意,她便带着一副毫不在乎的神气马上回答说,她对于这个计划没有什么不赞成,于是他们就决计上彭伯里去了。

Chapter 42

HAD Elizabeth’s opinion been all drawn from her own family, she could not have formed a very pleasing picture of conjugal felicity or domestic comfort. Her father, captivated by youth and beauty, and that appearance of good humour which youth and beauty generally give, had married a woman whose weak understanding and illiberal mind had, very early in their marriage, put an end to all real affection for her. Respect, esteem, and confidence had vanished for ever; and all his views of domestic happiness were overthrown. But Mr. Bennet was not of a disposition to seek comfort, for the disappointment which his own imprudence had brought on, in any of those pleasures which too often console the unfortunate for their folly or their vice. He was fond of the country and of books; and from these tastes had arisen his principal enjoyments. To his wife he was very little otherwise indebted, than as her ignorance and folly had contributed to his amusement. This is not the sort of happiness which a man would in general wish to owe to his wife; but where other powers of entertainment are wanting, the true philosopher will derive benefit from such as are given.
Elizabeth, however, had never been blind to the impropriety of her father’s behaviour as a husband. She had always seen it with pain; but respecting his abilities, and grateful for his affectionate treatment of herself, she endeavoured to forget what she could not overlook, and to banish from her thoughts that continual breach of conjugal obligation and decorum which, in exposing his wife to the contempt of her own children, was so highly reprehensible. But she had never felt so strongly as now the disadvantages which must attend the children of so unsuitable a marriage, nor ever been so fully aware of the evils arising from so ill-judged a direction of talents; talents which rightly used, might at least have preserved the respectability of his daughters, even if incapable of enlarging the mind of his wife.
When Elizabeth had rejoiced over Wickham’s departure, she found little other cause for satisfaction in the loss of the regiment. Their parties abroad were less varied than before; and at home she had a mother and sister whose constant repinings at the dulness of every thing around them threw a real gloom over their domestic circle; and, though Kitty might in time regain her natural degree of sense, since the disturbers of her brain were removed, her other sister, from whose disposition greater evil might be apprehended, was likely to be hardened in all her folly and assurance by a situation of such double danger as a watering place and a camp. Upon the whole, therefore, she found what has been sometimes found before, that an event to which she had looked forward with impatient desire, did not, in taking place, bring all the satisfaction she had promised herself. It was consequently necessary to name some other period for the commencement of actual felicity; to have some other point on which her wishes and hopes might be fixed, and by again enjoying the pleasure of anticipation, console herself for the present, and prepare for another disappointment. Her tour to the Lakes was now the object of her happiest thoughts; it was her best consolation for all the uncomfortable hours which the discontentedness of her mother and Kitty made inevitable; and could she have included Jane in the scheme, every part of it would have been perfect.
“But it is fortunate,” thought she, “that I have something to wish for. Were the whole arrangement complete, my disappointment would be certain. But here, by my carrying with me one ceaseless source of regret in my sister’s absence, I may reasonably hope to have all my expectations of pleasure realized. A scheme of which every part promises delight, can never be successful; and general disappointment is only warded off by the defence of some little peculiar vexation.”
When Lydia went away, she promised to write very often and very minutely to her mother and Kitty; but her letters were always long expected, and always very short. Those to her mother contained little else, than that they were just returned from the library, where such and such officers had attended them, and where she had seen such beautiful ornaments as made her quite wild; that she had a new gown, or a new parasol, which she would have described more fully, but was obliged to leave off in a violent hurry, as Mrs. Forster called her, and they were going to the camp; — and from her correspondence with her sister, there was still less to be learnt — for her letters to Kitty, though rather longer, were much too full of lines under the words to be made public.
After the first fortnight or three weeks of her absence, health, good humour, and cheerfulness began to re-appear at Longbourn. Everything wore a happier aspect. The families who had been in town for the winter came back again, and summer finery and summer engagements arose. Mrs. Bennet was restored to her usual querulous serenity, and by the middle of June Kitty was so much recovered as to be able to enter Meryton without tears; an event of such happy promise as to make Elizabeth hope that by the following Christmas, she might be so tolerably reasonable as not to mention an officer above once a day, unless, by some cruel and malicious arrangement at the War-Office, another regiment should be quartered in Meryton.
The time fixed for the beginning of their Northern tour was now fast approaching; and a fortnight only was wanting of it, when a letter arrived from Mrs. Gardiner, which at once delayed its commencement and curtailed its extent. Mr. Gardiner would be prevented by business from setting out till a fortnight later in July, and must be in London again within a month; and as that left too short a period for them to go so far, and see so much as they had proposed, or at least to see it with the leisure and comfort they had built on, they were obliged to give up the Lakes, and substitute a more contracted tour; and, according to the present plan, were to go no farther northward than Derbyshire. In that county, there was enough to be seen to occupy the chief of their three weeks; and to Mrs. Gardiner it had a peculiarly strong attraction. The town where she had formerly passed some years of her life, and where they were now to spend a few days, was probably as great an object of her curiosity, as all the celebrated beauties of Matlock, Chatsworth, Dovedale, or the Peak.
Elizabeth was excessively disappointed; she had set her heart on seeing the Lakes; and still thought there might have been time enough. But it was her business to be satisfied — and certainly her temper to be happy; and all was soon right again.
With the mention of Derbyshire, there were many ideas connected. It was impossible for her to see the word without thinking of Pemberley and its owner. “But surely,” said she, “I may enter his county with impunity, and rob it of a few petrified spars without his perceiving me.”
The period of expectation was now doubled. Four weeks were to pass away before her uncle and aunt’s arrival. But they did pass away, and Mr. and Mrs. Gardiner, with their four children, did at length appear at Longbourn. The children, two girls of six and eight years old, and two younger boys, were to be left under the particular care of their cousin Jane, who was the general favourite, and whose steady sense and sweetness of temper exactly adapted her for attending to them in every way — teaching them, playing with them, and loving them.
The Gardiners staid only one night at Longbourn, and set off the next morning with Elizabeth in pursuit of novelty and amusement. One enjoyment was certain — that of suitableness as companions; a suitableness which comprehended health and temper to bear inconveniences — cheerfulness to enhance every pleasure — and affection and intelligence, which might supply it among themselves if there were disappointments abroad.
It is not the object of this work to give a description of Derbyshire, nor of any of the remarkable places through which their route thither lay; Oxford, Blenheim, Warwick, Kenelworth, Birmingham, &c. are sufficiently known. A small part of Derbyshire is all the present concern. To the little town of Lambton, the scene of Mrs. Gardiner’s former residence, and where she had lately learned that some acquaintance still remained, they bent their steps, after having seen all the principal wonders of the country; and within five miles of Lambton, Elizabeth found from her aunt that Pemberley was situated. It was not in their direct road, nor more than a mile or two out of it. In talking over their route the evening before, Mrs. Gardiner expressed an inclination to see the place again. Mr. Gardiner declared his willingness, and Elizabeth was applied to for her approbation.
“My love, should not you like to see a place of which you have heard so much?” said her aunt. “A place too, with which so many of your acquaintance are connected. Wickham passed all his youth there, you know.”
Elizabeth was distressed. She felt that she had no business at Pemberley, and was obliged to assume a disinclination for seeing it. She must own that she was tired of great houses; after going over so many, she really had no pleasure in fine carpets or satin curtains.
Mrs. Gardiner abused her stupidity. “If it were merely a fine house richly furnished,” said she, “I should not care about it myself; but the grounds are delightful. They have some of the finest woods in the country.”
Elizabeth said no more — but her mind could not acquiesce. The possibility of meeting Mr. Darcy, while viewing the place, instantly occurred. It would be dreadful! She blushed at the very idea; and thought it would be better to speak openly to her aunt than to run such a risk. But against this there were objections; and she finally resolved that it could be the last resource, if her private enquiries as to the absence of the family were unfavourably answered.
Accordingly, when she retired at night, she asked the chambermaid whether Pemberley were not a very fine place, what was the name of its proprietor, and, with no little alarm, whether the family were down for the summer. A most welcome negative followed the last question — and her alarms being now removed, she was at leisure to feel a great deal of curiosity to see the house herself; and when the subject was revived the next morning, and she was again applied to, could readily answer, and with a proper air of indifference, that she had not really any dislike to the scheme.
To Pemberley, therefore, they were to go.

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  •    第 41 章

    她们回得家来,眨下眼睛就过了一个星期,现在已经开始过第二个星期。过了这个星期,驻扎在麦里屯的那个民兵团就要开拔了,附近的年轻小姐们立刻一个个垂头丧气起来。几乎处处都是心灰意冷的气象。只有班纳特家的两位大小姐照常饮食起居,照常各干各的事。可是吉蒂和丽迪雅已经伤心到极点,便不由得常常责备两位姐姐冷淡无情。她们真不明白,家里怎么竟会有这样没有心肝的人!

  • 第 40 章

    伊莉莎白非把那桩事告诉吉英不可了,再也忍耐不住了。于是她决定把牵涉到姐姐的地方,都一概不提,第二天上午就把达西先生跟她求婚的那一幕,拣主要情节说了出来,她料定吉英听了以后,一定会感到诧异。

  •  第 39 章

    五月已经到了第二个星期,三位年轻小姐一块儿从天恩寺街出发,到哈德福郡的某某镇去,班纳特先生事先就跟她们约定了一个小客店,打发了马车在那儿接她们,刚一到那儿,她们就看到吉蒂和丽迪雅从楼上的餐室里望着她们,这表明车夫已经准时到了。这两位姑娘已经在那儿待了一个多钟头,高高兴兴地光顾过对面的一家帽子店,看了看站岗的哨兵,又调制了一些胡瓜沙拉。

  • 【大纪元3月6日报导】(中央社记者颜伶如旧金山五日专电)奥斯卡最佳电影配乐今晚由“断背山”赢得,击败了“傲慢与偏见”、“艺伎回忆录”等片。“断背山”这次入围奥斯卡八个奖项。
  •   第 38 章

    星期六吃过早饭时,伊莉莎白和柯林斯先生在饭厅里相遇,原来他们比别人早来了几分钟。柯林斯先生连忙利用这个机会向她郑重话别,他认为这是决不可少的礼貌。

  • 第 37 章

    那两位先生第二天早上就离开了罗新斯;柯林斯先生在门房附近等著给他们送行,送行以后,他带了一个好消息回家来,说是这两位贵客虽然刚刚在罗新斯满怀离愁,身体却很健康,精神也很饱满。然后他又赶到罗新斯去安慰珈苔琳夫人母女;回家去的时候,他又得意非凡地把咖苔琳夫人的口信带回来──说夫人觉得非常沉闷,极希望他们全家去同他一块吃饭。

  •    第 36 章
    当达西先生递给伊莉莎白那封信的时候,伊莉莎白如果并没有想到那封信里是重新提出求婚,那她就根本没想到信里会写些什么。既然一看见这样的内容,你可想而知,她当时想要读完这封信的心情是怎样迫切,她的感情上又给引起了多大的矛盾。她读信时的那种心情,简直无法形容。开头读到他居然还自以为能够获得人家的原谅,她就不免吃惊;再读下去,又觉得他处处都是自圆其说,而处处都流露出一种欲盖弥彰的羞惭心情。她一读到他所写的关于当日发生在尼日斐花园的那段事情,就对他的一言一语都存着极大的偏见。她迫不及待地读下去,因此简直来不及细细咀嚼;她每读一句就急于要读下一句因此往往忽略了眼前一句的意思。他所谓她的姐姐对彬格莱本来没有什么情意,这叫她立刻断定他在撒谎;他说那门亲事确确实实存在着那么些糟糕透顶的缺陷,这使她简直气得不想把那封信再读下去。他对于自己的所作所为,丝毫不觉得过意不去,这当然使她无从满意。他的语气真是盛气凌人,丝毫没有悔悟的意思。
  •    第 35 章

    伊莉莎白昨夜一直深思默想到合上眼睛为止,今天一大早醒来,心头又涌起了这些深思默想。她仍然对那桩事感到诧异,无法想到别的事情上去;她根本无心做事,于是决定一吃过早饭就出去好好地透透空气,散散步。她正想往那条心爱的走道上走走去,忽然想到达西先生有时候也上那儿来,于是便住了步。她没有进花园,却走上那条小路,以便和那条有栅门的大路隔得远些。她仍旧沿着花园的围栅走,不久便走过了一道园门。

  •  第 33 章

    伊莉莎白在花园里散步的时候,曾经好多次出乎意料地碰见达西先生。别人不来的地方他偏偏会来,这真是不幸,她觉得好象是命运在故意跟她闹别扭。她第一次就对他说,她喜欢独自一人到这地方来溜达,当时的用意就是不让以后再有这种事情发生。如果会有第二次,那才叫怪呢。然而毕竟有了第二次,甚至还会有第三次,看上去他好象是故意跟她过不去,否则就是有心要来赔罪;因为这几次他既不是跟她敷衍几句就哑口无言,也不是稍隔一会儿就走开,而是当真掉过头来跟她一块儿走走。他从来不多说话,她也懒得多讲,懒得多听;可是第三次见面的时候,他问她住在汉斯福快活不快活,问她为什么喜欢孤单单一个人散步,又问起她是不是觉得柯林斯夫妇很幸福。谈起罗新斯,她说她对于那家人家不大了解,他倒好象希望她以后每逢有机会再到肯特来,也会去那儿小住一阵,从他的出言吐语里面听得出他有这层意思。难道他在替费茨威廉上校转念头吗?她想,如果他当真话里有音,那他一定暗示那个人对她有些动心。她觉得有些痛苦,她在已经走到牧师住宅对过的围墙门口,因此又觉得很高兴。

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