许其正:游泳

作者:许其正

西子湾位于高雄市西侧,北临万寿山,南临旗津半岛,为一黄澄碧蓝的海水浴场,是一处以夕阳美景及天然礁石闻名的湾澳。(大纪元资料室)

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欣喜地来到海边,在这样的炎炎夏日。

此时,海边极为热闹。海滩上,有人在遮阳伞下闲聊,有人在拾贝壳,有人在玩沙,有人在捉沙马,有人在追逐嬉戏,也有人在弄潮;再过去便是海了,有人在那里游泳,各式泳姿在展出,也有套了救生圈任海水载浮载沉的。看起来是那么悠游自在。

游泳是一种很好的运动。不仅是夏日有人游泳,一年四季都适合,只是夏日天热,游泳的人较多就是了。它又不分年龄和性别,是男女老少咸宜的运动。人一入水中,便全身各部位都浸进去,都在运动了,所以游泳是一种全身的运动。这是它和其他许多运动只注重某部位不同的地方。

可是,我小时候开始游泳却不是因为懂得它的原理。其实,大多数人都是一样的,小时候开始游泳,很少有人知道它的运动原理的,尤其像我这种在乡下土生土长的孩子,谁会知道这些?主要的只是希望野,只是为野的乐趣所迷醉而已。想想,每个人从才会爬动开始,便喜欢下水了,明明大人说不能玩,但是哪个孩子不是见到水就迷下去呢?就说会溺死,他也是照样要玩,一无惧怕,任令大人如何禁止,也没什么功效。如此,怎好说小孩玩水,开始游泳,可能懂得它的运动原理呢?懂得其中的原理,那是长到相当大的年纪,获有相当丰富知识以后的事。

我家屋后那一片牧场有好几条水沟,其中有一条南北向的,是我游泳(应该说学游泳)的最初场所。那条水沟宽约六公尺,水也不深,最深处水仅及颈,其他大多不及颈。最初是在那里钓青蛙、钓鱼,然后是玩水,试着游泳,或者是兼而有之。当时我最擅长的是狗爬式泳法(俯泳)。当然,也常常游的茶壶式——咕噜咕噜喝水的。过了一段时间,便把场所移到村子南方那条廍仔沟了。那里水常流动,较清晰干净,不像现在那么污浊,常常几乎干枯不流动,也不像牧场上那条水沟的水那么脏,有时甚至要和水牛一起游,牛拉了屎撒了尿,沟水混浊不堪,仍照游不误。那真是脏透了。待我学会立泳了,便往糖厂古井(灌溉用抽水井)里游了。在古井里游泳的时期,我同时学会了跳水;而在这同时,我也常常去埤内溪里游泳。那里不但水清晰干净,范围又大又深,要如何游都可以。那时,我学会了自由式和仰式,还有蛙式,也常潜水,甚至边游边捉鱼虾。大概最常捉到虾、蟹和土虱等。捉到虾,常现场剥了壳生吃,很甜的。

接着,已到我读初中阶段了,见识已渐广。当时每到夏天,上体育课时,老师常带我们去海边游泳。体育老师总是先勘好地形地势,插上标旗,学生不得超越过标旗的连接线,到水深的地方游泳,并且事先觅好会游泳的同学做指导兼救生员;其实,总有些同学一到水里便什么规矩限制都忘得一干二净了,游出了画定的范围,到深处去,叫老师和同学紧张一场,现在想起来,还真为体育老师捏一把冷汗呢。太冒险了!那时海中有许多蟹,用脚踩了便可以捉获,上体育课游泳时捉到过,而降旗后或礼拜六下午去游泳时更捉得多。

我的游泳历程便这样继续上路。

由小水沟而溪流而古井而溪埤而浅海,然后大海,我不停地游着;由小而大,由浅而深,由近而远,我不停地游着。这犹如人生,由小长大,由小地方到大地方,由见识少到见识多,由生涩而熟练,由浅薄而深入,层层叠叠,一步一步来,依次而进。

可是后来发生了一件事,使我的游泳历程稍受顿挫。那是我高二的暑假,一位住枋寮的同班同学,邀我前往他家门前的海边游泳。为安全计,他好心地给了我一个救生圈。我从未用过,没有注意到救生圈内气体多才能漂浮水面,其阻力必大,慢游则可,快游则不行,我用尽了气力游向海中,大约游到距离海岸三百公尺处,由于用力过猛,右脚的小腿抽筋了,才设法慢慢游回海岸,到沙滩休息。自此以后,差不多每次下水游泳,每次小腿抽筋;好在我能设法调理,否则能不沉溺水中成为波臣?记得基隆福隆海边抽过一次筋,在碧潭也有过,是我印象最深的。为此,我也就稍为收敛了对游泳的嗜好了。

游泳是一种很好的运动,只要人一下水便全身都在运动了,一年四季都无不可,夏日尤然。想想,炎炎夏日,蒸得人无处逃躲,闷热不堪,浸入水中,说有多清凉便有多清凉,有多舒爽便有多舒爽。那种情趣,更是无以形容的。所以每到夏日,海边、河滨和溪畔,只要可以游泳玩水的地方,便集满了人。

只是水能载舟,也能覆舟,游泳有时常生危险,所以需要注意安全。熟悉水性、地势是必要的。好几个人一起去,不要单独一个人去,以便互相照顾。不要逞强,冒险游到深处,或游太远太久,使体力无法支持。如能带救生圈更好。下水前,一定要先做柔软操,使身体血气畅通;然后慢慢下水。万一脚抽筋,要沉着应付,千万不能紧张慌乱,越紧张慌乱越糟糕。

看到那些海边的景象,尤其是那些游泳的人,给了我许多游泳的回忆。确然,游泳有许多好处和情趣。我遂更衣下水了。啊,多么清凉舒爽呀!但愿我不再抽筋,好继续我的游泳历程。

The Swimming   Hsu ChiCheng

I go to the sea side with great pleasure in the hot summer.
Now, the seaside is bustling extremely. On the sea beach, there are someone chat within the parasol, there are someone collect the sea shells, there are someone play the fine sand, there are someone catch the ghost crab, there are someone play the chase game, there are someone play the tide; and the sea which goes over there, there are someone swimming, appear every kind of posture, and there are someone with lifesaving belt to fall and lift. It looks like care free and leisurely.
The swimming is a good sport. It’s not only swimming in summer, and suitable for every season, just summer is hot, the persons go to swim are many. It also doesn’t divide of the age and sex, it’s the sport suitable for all persons no matter of male, female, old or youth. A person enters the water, every part of his whole body will soak into the water, will all in sport, so the swimming is a sport of whole body. This is no the same of other sports which pay attention to only one part.
However, I do not because of knowing this tenet while I started to swim. In fact, most persons are the same, as childhood to start to swim, less person know its sport the tenets, especially the children grow up in the country side as me, who know these? The main principle is just unruly, just be mad about its fan of unruly. May think, every one likes to enter the water from he can climb, it’s obviously that adult say it’s not to play the water, but which child will not be mad about while he meet the water? He will play the water as usually even it will drown, no pay any attention to it, it’s no effort even prohibited by adult. Thus so, how can we say that the child play water, start to swim, can know the tenet of the sport? Know its tenet is the thing after they get some more of age, and hold some more rich of knowledge.
There were some ditches in the pasture behind my home, one of them which from south toward north, is ( ought to say to learn swimming) the earliest place I went to swim. This ditch is about 6 metres in length, no deep the water, it’s just reached neck the deepest, the other place doesn’t reach neck chiefly. At first I angled frog, angled fish, and then to play the water, try to swim, or do both of them. At that time, I am expert in dog-climbing (breaststroke). Of course, I often swim the type of teapot—gargle of drinking. Passes for a period of time, I moved to the place to Channeling The Buzai in the south of this village. There the water was flowing frequently, and was cleaner than other place, no dirty like now, and often near no flowing, not the same as the ditch of the pasture, even sometime to swim with the buffalo, I still swam while it’s dunged and urinated by the buffalo, the water is too turbid to endure. It was truly dirty. After I learned vertical- swim, I went to the well ( for watering)of the sugar factory. During the period of swam in the well, I learned the dive at the same time; and at that time I went to pi-Nei stream. Not only because of the water is clear, but also the scope is wide and deep too, it can do what you want to swim at that time, I learned know how to free style and back stroke, and besides, breaststroke, and also often to dive, even to catch fish and shrimp as well as swimming, probably the shrimp, crab, walking catfish etc. I often peel the shell and eat uncooked, very sweet.
Then, it’s the time I went to the period of my study in middle school, I knew more knowledge. At that time, every time of the summer, on the physical culture class, the teacher often led us to swim at the seaside. The physical culture teacher will survey the terrain first, insert the banner, student can’t surpass the line which connect the banner to swim in the deep area, and point some students to be the guider and lifesaver; but in fact, there always were some all forget what the rule, swam across out side the scope which is marked, swam to deep place, let the teacher and student be strained, think of it, truly break into a cold sweat for the physical teacher. Too run risk it is! There are many crabs in the bottom of the sea, we can tread and catch them, we have been caught them while we on the class of physical culture, and also over the class or in the Saturday afternoon when we went to swimming is catch the more.
The course of my swimming is thus on the road.
I swim incessantly from the ditch to the well to the stream to the shallow sea, then to the ocean; I swim incessantly from small to large, from the shallow to the deep, from near to farer’s. It just likes our life, grows from child to adult, from small place to large place, from scarce knowledge to widen knowledge, from jerky to skillful, from shallow to penetrate, a layer upon a layer, step by step, advance slowly.
But it met one thing, made my course of swim suffer a little frustration. It’s the summer vacation when I was a student of second grade of high school, my classmate who lived in Fangliao, invited me to swim on the sea beach in front of his home. For the safety, he kindly gave me a life belt. I have not been used it, no care of that the life belt will float on the water surface is full of air, but it’s obstruction surely is large, it’s well to swim slowly, but negative to swim hurry, I swam with the most of my force, I swam to the place about three hundred metres from the beach, my right foot suffered cramp, then I tried my best to return to the bank slowly, and rest for a few minute. From that time on, nearly every time I will foot cramp every time I go to swim, luckily I can take care of it, or may I will be drowned, to be the wave ghost? I can remember that there is one time I had a foot cramp in the beach of Fullon, Keelung, and also a time the same, gave me the deepest imprint. For this reason, I have restrained myself a bit of my swim habit.
The swimming is a very good sport, just a person enters the water, whole his body is in exercising, it’s the same, especially in the summer. May you think, in the hot summer, no where to shuttle the vapour, the gloomy hot can’t be born, immerse into the water, how cool and refreshing we can say, how comfortable it is. Its taste is difficult to tell. So every summer, just it’s the place suit for swim or play water in the summer, there glut full of person in the sea side, river side and stream bank.
However, the water can carry the ship but will over the ship too, the swimming often arouses danger, so we must take attention to the safety. It’s necessary to know the nature and situation of the water. There must many persons to go together, don’t only one alone, in order to take care each other. Don’t flaunt your superiority, hazard to the deep place, or swim for too long time or too far, make the power unable to hold you. It’s better to take a life belt. Before enter the water, you must do exercise first, make the blood be unblocked; and then enter the water slowly. Just in case your foot cramp, be deal with keep cool, never strained and be flurried, it’s worst to be strained and flurried.
In looking the scene of the sea side, especially the person who swam, gave me a recollection of the swimming. Surely, there are many benefit and taste. I then change the clothes and enter the water. Oh, how cool and comfortable it is! Wishing I will not be foot cramp, and will make the course of my swimming successively! @

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