小说:《傲慢与偏见》 第34章 (中英对照)

简.奥斯汀
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              第 34 章

伊莉莎白等柯林斯夫妇走了以后,便把她到肯特以来所收到吉英的信,全都拿出来一封封仔细阅读,好象是为了故意要跟达西做冤家做到底似的。信上并没有写什么真正埋怨的话,既没有提起过去的事情,也没有诉说目前的。她素性娴静,心肠仁爱,因此她的文笔从来不带一些阴暗的色彩,总是欢欣鼓舞的心情跃然纸上,可是现在,读遍了她所有的信,甚至读遍了她每一封信的字里行间,也找不出这种欢欣的笔调。伊莉莎白只觉得信上每一句话都流露着不安的心情,因为她这一次是用心精读的,而上一次她却读得很马虎,所以没有注意到这种地方。达西先生恬不知耻地夸口说,叫人家受罪是他的拿手好戏,这使她愈发深刻地体会到姐姐的痛苦。想到达西后天就要离开罗新斯,她总算可以稍觉安慰,而更大的安慰是,不到两个星期,她又可以和吉英在一起了,而且可以用一切感情的力量去帮助她重新振作起精神来。

  一想起达西就要离开肯特,便不免记起了他的表兄弟也要跟着他一起走;可是费茨威廉已经表明他自己决没有什么意图,因此,他虽然挺叫人喜欢,她却不至于为了他而不快活。她正在转着这种念头,突然听到门铃响,她以为是费茨威廉来了,心头不由得跳动起来,因为他有一天晚上就是来得很晚的,这回可能是特地来问候她。但是她立刻就知道猜错了,出乎她的意料,走进屋来的是达西先生,于是她情绪上又是另一种感觉。他立刻匆匆忙忙问她身体好了没有,又说他是特地来听她复元的好消息的。她客客气气地敷衍了他一下。他坐了几分钟,就站起身来,在房间里踱来踱去。伊莉莎白心里很奇怪,可是嘴上一言未发。沉默了几分钟以后,他带着激动的神态走到她跟前说:我实在没有办法死捱活撑下去了。这怎么行。我的感情也压制不住了。请允许我告诉你,我多么敬慕你,多么爱你。”

  伊莉莎白真是说不出的惊奇。她瞪着眼,红著脸,满腹狐疑,闭口不响。他看这情形,便认为她是在怂恿他讲下去,于是立刻把目前和以往对她的种种好感全都和盘托出。他说得很动听,除了倾诉爱情以外,又把其他种种感想也源源本本说出来了。他一方面千言万语地表示深情密意,但是另一方面却又说了许许多多傲慢无礼的话。他觉得她出身低微,觉得自己是迁就她,而且家庭方面的种种障碍,往往会使他的见解和他的心愿不能相容并存──他这样热烈地倾诉,虽然显得他这次举动的慎重,却未必能使他的求婚受到欢迎。

  尽管她对他的厌恶之心根深蒂固,她究竟不能对这样一个男人的一番盛情,漠然无动于中;虽说她的意志不曾有过片刻的动摇,可是她开头倒也体谅到他将会受到痛苦,因此颇感不安,然而他后来的那些话引起了她的怨恨,她那一片怜惜之心便完全化成了愤怒。不过,她还是竭力镇定下来,以便等他把话说完,耐心地给他一个回答。未了,他跟她说,他对她的爱情是那么强烈,尽管他一再努力克服,结果还是克服不了,他又向她表明自己的希望,说是希望她表接受他的求婚。她一下子就看出他说这些话的时候,显然自认为她毫无问题会给他满意的回答。他虽然口里说他自己又怕又急,可是表情上却是一副万无一失的样子。这只有惹起她更加激怒;等他讲完话以后,她就红著脸说:遇到这一类的事情,通常的方式是这样的:人家对你一片好心好意,你即使不能给以同样的报答,也得表示一番感激,我现在就得向你表示谢意。可惜我没有这种感觉。我从来不稀罕你的抬举,何况你抬举我也是十分勉强。我从来不愿意让任何人感到痛苦,纵使惹得别人痛苦,也是根本出于无心,而且我希望很快就会事过境迁。你跟我说,以前你顾虑到种种方面,因此没有能够向我表明你对我的好感,那么,现在经过我这番解释之后,你一定很容易把这种好感克制下来。”

  达西先生本是斜倚在壁炉架上,一双眼睛盯住了她看,听到她这番话,好象又是气愤又是惊奇。他气得脸色铁青,从五官的每一个部位都看得出他内心的烦恼。他竭力装出镇定的样子,一直等到自以为已经装象了,然后才开口说话。这片刻的沉默使伊莉莎白心里非常难受。最后达西才勉强沉住了气说道:我很荣幸,意得到你这样一个回答!也许我可以请教你一下,为什么我竟会遭受到这样没有礼貌的拒绝?不过这也无关紧要。”我也可以请问一声,”她回答道,”为什么你明明白白存心要触犯我,侮辱我,嘴上却偏偏要说什么为了喜欢我,意违背了你自己的意志,违背了你自己的理性,甚至违背了你自己的性格?要是我果真没有礼貌,那么,这还不够作为我没有礼貌的理由吗?可是我还有别的气恼。你也知道我有的,就算我对你没有反感,就算我对你毫无芥蒂,甚至就算我对你有好感吧,那么请你想一想,一个毁了我最亲爱的姐姐幸福,甚至永远毁了她的幸福的人,怎么会打动我的心去爱他呢?”

  达西先生听了她这些话,脸色大变;不过这种感情的激动,只有一会儿就过去了,他听着她继续说下去,一些不想打岔。我有足够的理由对你怀着恶感。你对待那件事完全无情无义,不论你是出于什么动机,都叫人无可原谅。说起他们俩的分离,即使不是你一个人造成的,也是你主使的,这你可不敢否认,也不能否认。你使得男方被大家指责为朝三暮四,使女方被大家嘲笑为奢望空想,你叫他们俩受尽了苦痛。”

  她说到这里,只见他完全没有一点儿悔恨的意思,真使她气得非同小可。他甚至还假装出一副不相信的神气在微笑。你能否认你这样做过吗?”她又问了一遍。

  他故作镇静地回答道:”我不想否认。我的确用心了一切办法,拆散了我朋友和你姐姐的一段姻缘;我也不否认,我对自己那一次的成绩觉得很得意。我对他总算比对我自己多尽了一份力。”

  伊莉莎白听了他这篇文雅的调整词令,表面上并不愿意显出很注意的样子。这番话的用意她当然明白,可是再也平息不了她的气愤。不过,我还不止在这一件事情上面厌恶你,”她继续说道,”我很早就厌恶你,对你有了成见。几个月以前听了韦翰先生说的那些话,我就明白了你的品格。这件事你还有什么可说的?看你再怎样来替你自己辩护,把这件事也异想天开地说是为了维护朋友?你又将怎么样来颠倒是非,欺世盗名?”

  达西先生听到这里,脸色变得更厉害了,说话的声音也不象刚才那么镇定,他说:”你对于那位先生的事的确十分关心。”凡是知道他的不幸遭遇的人,谁能不关心他?”他的不幸遭遇!”达西轻蔑地重说了一遍。”是的,他的确太不幸啦。”这都是你一手造成的,”伊莉莎白使劲叫道。”你害得他这样穷──当然并不是太穷。凡是指定由他享有的利益,你明明知道,却不肯给他。他正当年轻力壮,应该独立自主,你却剥夺了他这种权利。这些事都是你做的,可是人家一提到他的不幸,你还要鄙视和嘲笑。”这就是你对我的看法!”达西一面大声叫嚷,一面向屋子那头走去。”你原来把我看成这样的一个人!谢谢你解释得这样周到。这样看来,我真是罪孽孽深重!不过,”他止住了步,转过身来对她说:”只怪我老老实实地把我以前一误再误、迟疑不决的原因说了出来,所以伤害了你自尊心,否则你也许就不会计较我得罪你的这些地方了。要是我耍一点儿手段,把我内心矛盾掩藏起来,一昧恭维你,叫你相信我无论在理智方面、思想方面、以及种种方面,都是对你怀着无条件的、纯洁的爱,那么,你也许就不会有这些苛刻的责骂了。可惜无论是什么样的装假,我都痛恨。我刚才所说出的这些顾虑,我也并不以为可耻。这些顾虑是自然的,正确的。难道你指望我会为你那些微贱的亲戚而欢欣鼓舞吗?难道你以为,我要是攀上了这么些社会地位远不如我的亲戚,倒反而会自己庆幸吗?”

  伊莉莎白愈来愈忿怒,然而她还是尽量平心静气地说出了下面这段话:达西先生,倘若你有礼貌一些,我拒绝了你以后,也许会觉得过意不去,除此以外,倘若你以为这样向我表白一下,会在我身上起别的作用,那你可想错了。”

  他听到这番话,吃了一惊,可是没有说什么,于是她又接着说下去:你用尽一切办法,也不能打动我的心,叫我接受你的求婚。”

  他又显出很惊讶的样子,他带着痛苦和诧异的神气望着她。她继续说下去:从开头认识你的时候起,几乎可以说,从认识你的那一刹那起,你的举止行动,就使我觉得你十足狂妄自大、自私自利、看不起别人,我对你不满的原因就在这里,以后又有了许许多多事情,使我对你深恶痛绝;我还没有认识你一个月,就觉得像你这样一个人,哪怕天下男人都死光了,我也不愿意嫁给你。”你说得够了,小姐,我完全理解你的心情,现在我只有对我自己那些顾虑感到羞耻。请原谅我耽搁了你这么多时间,请允许我极其诚恳地祝你健康和幸福。”

  他说了这几句话,便匆匆走出房间。隔了一忽儿,伊莉莎白就听到他打开大门走了。她心里纷乱无比。她不知道如何撑住自己,她非常软弱无力,便坐在那儿哭了半个钟头。她回想到刚才的一幕,越想越觉得奇怪。达西先生竟会向她求婚,他竟会爱上她好几个月了!竟会那样地爱她,要和她结婚,不管她有多少缺点,何况她自己的姐姐正是由于这些缺点而受到他的阻挠,不能跟他朋友结婚,何况这些缺点对他至少具有同样的影响──这真是一件不可思议的事!一个人能在不知不觉中博得别人这样热烈的爱慕,也足够自慰了。可是他的傲慢,他那可恶的傲慢,他居然恬不知耻地招认他自己是怎样破坏了吉英的好事,他招认的时候虽然并不能自圆其说,可是叫人难以原谅的是他那种自以为是的神气,还有他提到韦翰先生时那种无动于中的态度,他一点儿也不打算否认对待韦翰的残酷──一想到这些事,纵使她一时之间也曾因为体谅到他一番恋情而触动了怜悯的心肠,这时候连丝毫的怜悯也完全给抵消了。

  她这样回肠百转地左思右想,直到后来听得咖苔琳夫人的马车声,她才感觉到自己这副模样儿见不得夏绿蒂,便匆匆回到自己房里去。

Chapter 34

WHEN they were gone, Elizabeth, as if intending to exasperate herself as much as possible against Mr. Darcy, chose for her employment the examination of all the letters which Jane had written to her since her being in Kent. They contained no actual complaint, nor was there any revival of past occurrences, or any communication of present suffering. But in all, and in almost every line of each, there was a want of that cheerfulness which had been used to characterize her style, and which, proceeding from the serenity of a mind at ease with itself, and kindly disposed towards every one, had been scarcely ever clouded. Elizabeth noticed every sentence conveying the idea of uneasiness with an attention which it had hardly received on the first perusal. Mr. Darcy’s shameful boast of what misery he had been able to inflict gave her a keener sense of her sister’s sufferings. It was some consolation to think that his visit to Rosings was to end on the day after the next, and a still greater that in less than a fortnight she should herself be with Jane again, and enabled to contribute to the recovery of her spirits by all that affection could do.

She could not think of Darcy’s leaving Kent without remembering that his cousin was to go with him; but Colonel Fitzwilliam had made it clear that he had no intentions at all, and agreeable as he was, she did not mean to be unhappy about him.
While settling this point, she was suddenly roused by the sound of the door bell, and her spirits were a little fluttered by the idea of its being Colonel Fitzwilliam himself, who had once before called late in the evening, and might now come to enquire particularly after her. But this idea was soon banished, and her spirits were very differently affected, when, to her utter amazement, she saw Mr. Darcy walk into the room. In an hurried manner he immediately began an enquiry after her health, imputing his visit to a wish of hearing that she were better. She answered him with cold civility. He sat down for a few moments, and then getting up, walked about the room. Elizabeth was surprised, but said not a word. After a silence of several minutes, he came towards her in an agitated manner, and thus began,
“In vain have I struggled. It will not do. My feelings will not be repressed. You must allow me to tell you how ardently I admire and love you.”
Elizabeth’s astonishment was beyond expression. She stared, coloured, doubted, and was silent. This he considered sufficient encouragement, and the avowal of all that he felt and had long felt for her immediately followed. He spoke well, but there were feelings besides those of the heart to be detailed, and he was not more eloquent on the subject of tenderness than of pride. His sense of her inferiority — of its being a degradation — of the family obstacles which judgment had always opposed to inclination, were dwelt on with a warmth which seemed due to the consequence he was wounding, but was very unlikely to recommend his suit.
In spite of her deeply-rooted dislike, she could not be insensible to the compliment of such a man’s affection, and though her intentions did not vary for an instant, she was at first sorry for the pain he was to receive; till, roused to resentment by his subsequent language, she lost all compassion in anger. She tried, however, to compose herself to answer him with patience, when he should have done. He concluded with representing to her the strength of that attachment which, in spite of all his endeavours, he had found impossible to conquer; and with expressing his hope that it would now be rewarded by her acceptance of his hand. As he said this, she could easily see that he had no doubt of a favourable answer. He spoke of apprehension and anxiety, but his countenance expressed real security. Such a circumstance could only exasperate farther, and when he ceased, the colour rose into her cheeks, and she said,
“In such cases as this, it is, I believe, the established mode to express a sense of obligation for the sentiments avowed, however unequally they may be returned. It is natural that obligation should be felt, and if I could feel gratitude, I would now thank you. But I cannot — I have never desired your good opinion, and you have certainly bestowed it most unwillingly. I am sorry to have occasioned pain to any one. It has been most unconsciously done, however, and I hope will be of short duration. The feelings which, you tell me, have long prevented the acknowledgment of your regard, can have little difficulty in overcoming it after this explanation.”
Mr. Darcy, who was leaning against the mantle-piece with his eyes fixed on her face, seemed to catch her words with no less resentment than surprise. His complexion became pale with anger, and the disturbance of his mind was visible in every feature. He was struggling for the appearance of composure, and would not open his lips, till he believed himself to have attained it. The pause was to Elizabeth’s feelings dreadful. At length, in a voice of forced calmness, he said,
“And this is all the reply which I am to have the honour of expecting! I might, perhaps, wish to be informed why, with so little endeavour at civility, I am thus rejected. But it is of small importance.”
“I might as well enquire,” replied she, “why, with so evident a design of offending and insulting me, you chose to tell me that you liked me against your will, against your reason, and even against your character? Was not this some excuse for incivility, if I was uncivil? But I have other provocations. You know I have. Had not my own feelings decided against you, had they been indifferent, or had they even been favourable, do you think that any consideration would tempt me to accept the man, who has been the means of ruining, perhaps for ever, the happiness of a most beloved sister?”
As she pronounced these words, Mr. Darcy changed colour; but the emotion was short, and he listened without attempting to interrupt her while she continued.
“I have every reason in the world to think ill of you. No motive can excuse the unjust and ungenerous part you acted there. You dare not, you cannot deny that you have been the principal, if not the only means of dividing them from each other, of exposing one to the censure of the world for caprice and instability, the other to its derision for disappointed hopes, and involving them both in misery of the acutest kind.”
She paused, and saw with no slight indignation that he was listening with an air which proved him wholly unmoved by any feeling of remorse. He even looked at her with a smile of affected incredulity.
“Can you deny that you have done it?” she repeated.
With assumed tranquillity he then replied, “I have no wish of denying that I did every thing in my power to separate my friend from your sister, or that I rejoice in my success. Towards him I have been kinder than towards myself.”
Elizabeth disdained the appearance of noticing this civil reflection, but its meaning did not escape, nor was it likely to conciliate, her.
“But it is not merely this affair,” she continued, “on which my dislike is founded. Long before it had taken place, my opinion of you was decided. Your character was unfolded in the recital which I received many months ago from Mr. Wickham. On this subject, what can you have to say? In what imaginary act of friendship can you here defend yourself? or under what misrepresentation, can you here impose upon others?”
“You take an eager interest in that gentleman’s concerns,” said Darcy in a less tranquil tone, and with a heightened colour.
“Who that knows what his misfortunes have been, can help feeling an interest in him?”
“His misfortunes!” repeated Darcy contemptuously; “yes, his misfortunes have been great indeed.”
“And of your infliction,” cried Elizabeth with energy. “You have reduced him to his present state of poverty, comparative poverty. You have withheld the advantages, which you must know to have been designed for him. You have deprived the best years of his life, of that independence which was no less his due than his desert. You have done all this! and yet you can treat the mention of his misfortunes with contempt and ridicule.”
“And this,” cried Darcy, as he walked with quick steps across the room, “is your opinion of me! This is the estimation in which you hold me! I thank you for explaining it so fully. My faults, according to this calculation, are heavy indeed! But perhaps,” added he, stopping in his walk, and turning towards her, “these offences might have been overlooked, had not your pride been hurt by my honest confession of the scruples that had long prevented my forming any serious design. These bitter accusations might have been suppressed, had I with greater policy concealed my struggles, and flattered you into the belief of my being impelled by unqualified, unalloyed inclination — by reason, by reflection, by every thing. But disguise of every sort is my abhorrence. Nor am I ashamed of the feelings I related. They were natural and just. Could you expect me to rejoice in the inferiority of your connections? To congratulate myself on the hope of relations, whose condition in life is so decidedly beneath my own?”
Elizabeth felt herself growing more angry every moment; yet she tried to the utmost to speak with composure when she said,
“You are mistaken, Mr. Darcy, if you suppose that the mode of your declaration affected me in any other way, than as it spared me the concern which I might have felt in refusing you, had you behaved in a more gentleman-like manner.”
She saw him start at this, but he said nothing, and she continued,
“You could not have made me the offer of your hand in any possible way that would have tempted me to accept it.”
Again his astonishment was obvious; and he looked at her with an expression of mingled incredulity and mortification. She went on.
“From the very beginning, from the first moment I may almost say, of my acquaintance with you, your manners, impressing me with the fullest belief of your arrogance, your conceit, and your selfish disdain of the feelings of others, were such as to form that ground-work of disapprobation, on which succeeding events have built so immoveable a dislike; and I had not known you a month before I felt that you were the last man in the world whom I could ever be prevailed on to marry.”
“You have said quite enough, madam. I perfectly comprehend your feelings, and have now only to be ashamed of what my own have been. Forgive me for having taken up so much of your time, and accept my best wishes for your health and happiness.”
And with these words he hastily left the room, and Elizabeth heard him the next moment open the front door and quit the house.
The tumult of her mind was now painfully great. She knew not how to support herself, and from actual weakness sat down and cried for half an hour. Her astonishment, as she reflected on what had passed, was increased by every review of it. That she should receive an offer of marriage from Mr. Darcy! that he should have been in love with her for so many months! so much in love as to wish to marry her in spite of all the objections which had made him prevent his friend’s marrying her sister, and which must appear at least with equal force in his own case, was almost incredible! It was gratifying to have inspired unconsciously so strong an affection. But his pride, his abominable pride, his shameless avowal of what he had done with respect to Jane, his unpardonable assurance in acknowledging, though he could not justify it, and the unfeeling manner in which he had mentioned Mr. Wickham, his cruelty towards whom he had not attempted to deny, soon overcame the pity which the consideration of his attachment had for a moment excited.
She continued in very agitating reflections till the sound of Lady Catherine’s carriage made her feel how unequal she was to encounter Charlotte’s observation, and hurried her away to her room.

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  •  第 33 章

    伊莉莎白在花园里散步的时候,曾经好多次出乎意料地碰见达西先生。别人不来的地方他偏偏会来,这真是不幸,她觉得好象是命运在故意跟她闹别扭。她第一次就对他说,她喜欢独自一人到这地方来溜达,当时的用意就是不让以后再有这种事情发生。如果会有第二次,那才叫怪呢。然而毕竟有了第二次,甚至还会有第三次,看上去他好象是故意跟她过不去,否则就是有心要来赔罪;因为这几次他既不是跟她敷衍几句就哑口无言,也不是稍隔一会儿就走开,而是当真掉过头来跟她一块儿走走。他从来不多说话,她也懒得多讲,懒得多听;可是第三次见面的时候,他问她住在汉斯福快活不快活,问她为什么喜欢孤单单一个人散步,又问起她是不是觉得柯林斯夫妇很幸福。谈起罗新斯,她说她对于那家人家不大了解,他倒好象希望她以后每逢有机会再到肯特来,也会去那儿小住一阵,从他的出言吐语里面听得出他有这层意思。难道他在替费茨威廉上校转念头吗?她想,如果他当真话里有音,那他一定暗示那个人对她有些动心。她觉得有些痛苦,她在已经走到牧师住宅对过的围墙门口,因此又觉得很高兴。

  •               第 32 章

    第二天早晨,柯林斯太太和玛丽亚到村里有事去了,伊莉莎白独自坐在家里写信给吉英,这时候,她突然吓了一跳,因为门铃响了起来,准是有客人来了。她并没有听到马车声,心想,可能是咖苔琳夫人来了,于是她就疑虑不安地把那封写好一半的信放在一旁,免得她问些卤莽的话。就在这当儿,门开了,她大吃一惊,万万想不到走进来的是达西先生,而且只有达西一个人。

  •    第 31 章

    费茨廉的风度大受牧师家里人的称道,女眷们都觉得他会使罗新斯宴会平添不少情趣。不过,他们已经有好几天没有受到罗新斯那边的邀请,因为主人家有了客人,用不着他们了;一直到复活节那一天,也就是差不多在这两位贵宾到达一星期以后,他们才蒙受到被邀请的荣幸,那也不过是大家离开教堂时,主人家当面约定他们下午去玩玩而已。上一个星期他们简直就没有见到咖苔琳夫人母女。在这段时间里,费茨威廉到牧师家来拜望过好多次,但是达西先生却没有来过,他们仅仅是在教堂里才见到他。

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  • 第28章
  • 第 27 章
    浪搏恩这家人家除了这些事以外,再没有别的大事;除了到麦里屯去散散步以外,再没有别的消遣。时而雨水泞途、时而风寒刺骨的正月和二月,就这样过去了。三月里伊莉莎白要上汉斯福去。开头她并不是真想去;可是她立刻想到夏绿蒂对于原来的约定寄予了很大的期望,于是她也就带着比较乐意和比较肯定的心情来考虑这个问题了。离别促进了她想夏绿蒂重逢的愿望,也消除了她对柯林斯先生的厌恶。这个计划多少总有它新奇的地方;再说,家里有了这样的母亲和这样几位不能融洽的妹妹,自难完美无缺,换换环境也好。趁著旅行的机会也可去看看吉英;总之,时日迫近了,她反而有些等不及了。她在一切都进行得很顺利,最后依旧照了夏绿蒂原先的意思,跟威廉爵士和他的第二个女儿一块儿去作一次客。以后这计划又补充了一下,决定在伦敦住一夜,这一来可真是个十全十美的计划了。
  • 第26章
  •       第 25 章

    谈情说爱,筹画好事,就这样度过了一星期,终于到了星期六,柯林斯先生不得不和心爱的夏绿蒂告别。不过,他既已作好接新娘的准备,离别的愁苦也就因此减轻了,他只等下次再来哈福郡,订出佳期,使他成为天下最幸福的男子。他象上次一样隆重其事地告别了浪搏恩的亲戚们,祝贺姐妹们健康幸福,又答应给他们的父亲再来一封谢函。

  • 第 24 章

    彬格莱小姐的信来了,疑虑消除了。信上第一句话就说,她们决定在伦敦过冬,结尾是替他哥哥道歉,说他在临走以前,没有来得及向哈福郡的朋友们辞行,很觉遗憾。

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